DefDroidA Defensive Mobile OS

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Warning

DefDroid is a research prototype and is provided on an “AS IS” BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. In no event shall the creators of DefDroid or any of its contributors be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, exemplary, or consequential damages (including, but not limited to, loss of use, data, or profits; or business interruption) however caused and on any theory of liability, whether in contract, strict liability, or tort (including negligence or otherwise) arising in any way out of the use of this software, even if advised of the possibility of such damage.

Guide for building DefDroid

Generic instructions

The hardware requirements to build DefDroid are roughly the same as building the original Android release: you need to have a decent machine running 64-bit Linux or Mac OS: 8+ GB RAM, 100+ GB storage (preferablly SSD), and fast Internet connection.

Prepare build environment

Before the actual building, make sure you have JDK 7, and prepare the build environment by following the Android build guide to install necessary libraries and packages. For example, if your machine is running Ubuntu 14.04, run the following commands:

$ sudo apt-get install git-core gnupg flex bison gperf build-essential \
zip curl zlib1g-dev gcc-multilib g++-multilib libc6-dev-i386 \
lib32ncurses5-dev x11proto-core-dev libx11-dev lib32z-dev ccache \
libgl1-mesa-dev libxml2-utils xsltproc unzip

Install repo command

Android release uses a Git wrapper called repo to manage the source code. Get it with

$ mkdir ~/bin
$ PATH=~/bin:$PATH
$ curl https://storage.googleapis.com/git-repo-downloads/repo > ~/bin/repo
$ chmod a+x ~/bin/repo

Initialize source code repository

First, create the workspace to store the source code and build result: mkdir -p ~/android/defdroid. In the following, we assume the workspace is in ~/android/defdroid. If you chose a different path, make sure to substitute it accordingly.

$ cd ~/android/defdroid
$ repo init -u <repo_url> -b <branch>
$ repo sync

Replace <repo_url> and <branch> with the desired Android base repo and branch that DefDroid has been ported to:

Release Version <repo_url> <branch>
CM 11.0 https://github.com/CyanogenMod/android.git cm-11.0
AOSP 4.4 https://android.googlesource.com/platform/manifest android-4.4.4_r1
AOSP 5.1 https://android.googlesource.com/platform/manifest android-5.1.1_r3

The last step (repo sync) would take a while to download the repository.

Enable ccache

To speed up the building process on re-compilation, it is recommended to enable ccache:

$ export USE_CCACHE=1
$ export CCACHE_DIR=<path-to-your-cache-directory>
$ prebuilts/misc/linux-x86/ccache/ccache -M 50G

The CCACHE_DIR setting by default is in ~/.ccache.

Build for CM 11.0

Source code repository customization

The repo command to be used in the initialization step for CM 11.0 build is repo init -u https://github.com/CyanogenMod/android.git -b cm-11.0. Then get the DefDroid modifications by using the local manifests approach:

$ mkdir .repo/local_manifests
$ git clone git@github.com:DefDroid/defdroid_local_cm_falcon.git .repo/local_manifests
$ repo sync

Get prebuilt apps in CM

This step only needs to be done once to populate the built-in apps from CM into the repository:

$ cd ~/android/defdroid/vendor/cm
$ ./get-prebuilts

Prepare device-dependent code and blobs

To build a working image for a particular device usually requires device-dependent code and proprietary blobs to be pulled in the repo. In CM release, this is mainly handled with breakfast command and some scripts. For example, to build for Motorola G device, you need to run:

$ cd ~/android/defdroid
$ source build/envsetup.sh
$ breakfast falcon

Then you need to pull the proprietary blobs from the device: connect your Motorola G device to your computer via USB; make sure the adb command from Android SDK is in your PATH; and ironically, your Motorola G should already be running a CM release for the following script to work:

$ cd ~/android/defdroid/device/motorola/falcon
$ ./extract-files.sh

Finally, build!

Using Motorola G target as an example:

$ croot
$ brunch falcon

Install DefDroid

Once the system finishes building, you should see the output image in out/target/product/<device>/cm-11-<data>-UNOFFICIAL-<device>.zip where <device> is the code name for your Android devices. For Motorola G, it’s falcon.

With the image zip file, follow the standard way to flash it to the phone. If you are not familiar with how to flash a custom ROM, there are plenty of guides online. For example, for the Motorola G device, you can follow steps in this guide